Friday, June 24, 2005

Guy gets fired for writing dumb article:

J. Matt Barber was fired by Allstate apparently for writing this pathetically stupid article on homosexuality. His firing raises lots of interesting issues.

First off, were I in charge I wouldn't have fired him, or disciplined him in any way. He wrote the article on his own time and as long as it didn't interfere with work, I think it is unfair for this private corporation to interfere with what the guy does in his off hours. And were this a government job, the firing would be illegal, on Free Speech grounds.

But we take our Free Speech rights against the government, not against private corporations. Corporations, under the doctrine of employment-at-will, may fire an employee for speech with which the corporation disagrees as well as for good reason, bad reason, or no reason at all. Unless of course, the complainant can tie the firing to one of the many exceptions carved out against employment at will, most notably, discrimination. But, as my students and most ordinary people have a hard time appreciating, something isn't "illegal discrimination" if it appears merely to be unfair or irrational. Rather the discrimination must relate to one of the "protected categories," and those are few and limited in number. At the federal level we have, "race, color, ethnic origin, gender, religion, pregnancy, age and disability." More at the state and local level. But if your claim isn't on the list (for instance, they fired me because I refused to cut my long hair) then you can be fired or otherwise discriminated against for it under the doctrine of employment-at-will.

So this guy is arguing "religious discrimination." Is that right? They didn't say, "you are a Christian or a Catholic or a whatever, therefore you are fired." Presumably, the firm knew he was a devout Christian for many years and had no problem with him...until that is, he wrote this pathetically stupid article on his own time.

As Mr. Barber notes: "I explained to Allstate that the article was a reflection of my personal Christian beliefs, and that I had every right to both write it and to have it published...."

Does he have a case under current law? Well, given that this is a private corporation, the First Amendment's Free Exercise Clause is not at issue. However, Title VII does forbid private entities from engaging in religious discrimination and also does impose a burden to accommodate religious beliefs or practices. The EEOC's website says, "Employers must reasonably accommodate employees' sincerely held religious beliefs or practices unless doing so would impose an undue hardship on the employer." But also that, "An employer is not required to accommodate an employee's religious beliefs and practices if doing so would impose an undue hardship on the employers' legitimate business interests."

That's case right there. I'm not sure how it should or would come out under current law. On the one hand stating or writing something along the lines of "my religious beliefs tell me that all voluntarily chosen homosexual acts are immoral" clearly is an expression of a religious belief that one would think companies have a duty to accommodate under Title VII. But this guy's article goes far beyond that citing, you got it, Paul Cameron's phony, debunked social science:

As a result of the concerted effort by liberals to mask the devastating effects of the gay lifestyle, many people are shocked to learn that the average life expectancy of a homosexual male is only about 45 years old -- 30 years younger than that of a heterosexual male.

And many fundamentalist Christian dupes of Paul Cameron are even more "shocked" to learn that they are peddling a phony statistic.

The guy is also guilty of making extremely stupid arguments. Was it his Christianity or his stupidity that got him fired?:

For one to believe that homosexual behavior, the act of sodomy in particular, follows the biological order of things, one must ignore the fact that sodomy violates natural law -- you know... wrong plumbing...square hole/round peg. The whole thing really is a testament to man's creativity. Give us something good, and we'll bend over backwards to twist it into something else.

I wonder if this guy, like 90% of other heterosexuals has oral sex with his wife, which in every way violates the "wrong plumbing" norm that he is trying to put forth. Or if not, then why isn't he railing against that which is far more common than what homosexuals do?

Without delving into the overly descriptive mechanics, suffice it to say that, scientifically speaking, the sexual act was designed for procreation -- nothing more, nothing less... I know, not very romantic, but we're talking science here. Further, the design behind the human digestive system was solely and entirely intended for digestion, not for makeshift sexual activity -- there's not a sex organ in the mix. The notion that the act of sodomy is a natural, biological event simply does not square with biological reality. It may be PC but it sure ain't BC.

Well, if "sexual act[s are] designed for procreation -- nothing more, nothing less," that would require him to railing against contraception, even between good married Christian couples -- again, something practiced far more widely than homosexuality -- and every bit as "un-BC."

What's also interesting about this case is the way it sheds light on "civil rights" laws. Gays often get accused of unfairly making an analogy to blacks. In fact, in the offending article, that's exactly what Mr. Barber says:

[W]hat is homosexuality? Is it a status -- a state of being -- a word that typifies one's membership in a suspect, minority class no different than Black or Female? Let's consider... To be Black or Female, one need only be Black or Female. Membership in either class is contingent upon nothing. It's a state of being, which represents entirely neutral qualities (i.e., skin color and/or gender). On the other hand, homosexuality is contingent upon something... behavior -- a person's actions -- choices made -- their "sexual preference." It's the end result of choosing to define one's identity based upon with whom, and how one elects to have sex.

But the WND article quotes David Gibbs, of The Christian Law Association, the attorney representing Barber in the Title VII claim:

Gibbs compared the situation to that of racial discrimination.

"Just like Allstate can't go in and say, 'We've discovered your ethnicity and we're going to fire you,' I don't believe Allstate should be able to go in and say, 'We've discovered your anti-homosexuality viewpoint and we're going to fire you.'"

This reminds me of a point made by Steve Miller in his classic article about discrimination:

David Boaz...has highlighted the issue of consistency about different protected classes. "Conservatives say gays shouldn't be protected, but blacks should, because being gay is something you choose, unlike your race," he writes. "But their reasoning is doubly wrong in that case: Most of us believe you DON'T choose your sexual orientation; but you DO choose your religion, which category conservatives want to protect." In fact, religious rightists, especially those who are "born again," stress that their brand of faith is something freely chosen. And, of course, many choose to adopt a faith different from their upbringing, while others abandon faith entirely.

Some conservative African-Americans, most notably General Colin Powell, claim that gays don't deserve protections because you can hide your sexual orientation, but not your race. While that's true enough, you can also hide your religious beliefs, yet no "anti gay rights" conservative to date has been willing to abandon hypocrisy and say that civil rights protections also should not extend to religion.

In fact, a growing number of civil rights cases before the federal courts focus on claims of workplace discrimination against fundamentalist Christians and Orthodox Jews. Many of these involve the plaintiffs' claim that requiring them to work on certain religious holidays amounts to discrimination, even though all employees are expected to work on those days (talk about demanding special rights!).

Let me also note that while First Amendment and Article VI of the Constitution reflect a norm of government neutrality towards religion, as with Free Speech (which right we have against government, not private employing entities), the rationale for government religious neutrality does not easily extend to the private sector. Indeed, while the First Amendment has been with us since the beginning, it wasn't until 1964 with Title VII that private entities were forbidden from discriminating on the basis of religion.

Even if one accepts that private entities should be neutral on the basis of race, why should private entities be neutral on the basis of religion, which by nature involves controversial beliefs? Religious rightists like Mr. Barber argue vociferously that private entities should be able to discriminate on the basis of sexual orientation. If so, then why not religion?

For instance, it's often argued that "Christian" owners should be able to refuse to rent their property to gay couples or hire them in their businesses. Let's put the shoe on the other foot -- there are a lot of gay property and business owners as well. Why then shouldn't a gay property owner or business owner be able to categorically refuse to rent to or hire orthodox Christians who hold views on homosexuality which he finds repugnant? If the gay person did this, he would be violating Title VII as well as many state and local laws. Such discrimination against gay people, however, is legal at the federal level and under most state and local anti-discrimination codes.


Bill Ware said...

Looks like Mr. Barber fell in a tank of sheep dip and didn't smell too good when he crawled out. I would have sent him for some intense one-on-one "diversity training." If he didn't get what was wrong with his screed after that, I'd let him go. Guess I'm an old softy.

The AllState people really seemed teed off, not wanting him to get unemployment benefits and all. I've been to Chicago. They don't put up with his kind of BS up there, that's for sure.

Michael said...

It could be that "Bam Bam" Barber was booted for faling afoul (or potentially falling afoul) of the Illinois Human Rights Act (775 ILCS 5/), which reads, in pertinent part, "Sec. 1‑102. Declaration of Policy. It is the public policy of this State:
(A) Freedom from Unlawful Discrimination. To secure for all individuals within Illinois the freedom from discrimination against any individual because of his or her race, color, religion, sex, national origin, ancestry, age, marital status, physical or mental handicap, military status, sexual orientation, or unfavorable discharge from military service in connection with employment, real estate transactions, access to financial credit, and the availability of public accommodations" (my emphasis).

More likely, it was a public-relations move. Allstate has a financial interest in maintaining an image of being open-minded and unbiased, because they want to market their services to as wide a base as possible. Barber's atrocious screed could reasonably be seen as an indication that Allstate (or at least some of its representatives) would not welcome or be comfortable working with gay or lesbian clients. As the gay community represents a fairly large bloc of potential customers in Allstate's backyard in Chicago, I think the company had reasonable grounds for getting rid of him, even if he wrote the thing on his own time.

Marty said...

I don't see a first amendment claim here, but don't blame the guy for wanting to push it as far as he can. What is most apalling however, is the disingenuity and hypocrisy of Allstate's so-called "committment to diversity".

Sounds more like a comittment to homogeneity to me. Perhaps he could sue for breach of contract, under that idea. Should corporations be required to practice the tolerance that they preach?

I, for one, will consider their response in my future insurance decisions I currently hold 3 policys with Allstate -- I wonder if they would prefer (demand?) that i terminate these policies, because i generally agree with Mr. Barber, and disagree with gay activists? I think i'll call them and ask...

lloydletta said...

Nope, I think it was because his bio associated with the article on the Men's News Daily site included his Allstate affliation:

Yup a simple google search on Matt Barber Google search retrieved the following: 002516.html

Poor blogging, Steve. You should know better.

Thanks to an annoying mailing list I somehow managed to get on, I just learned about an interesting case alleged to involve First Amendment violations and religious persecution by Allstate Insurance. (A guy named J. Matt Barber published an article which mentioned his employment with Allstate, and slammed the evil homos)...

EY: What's unclear is whether Matt Barber included Allstate's information in the columns he sent to these places - or whether the places that published the column used the Allstate name without his permission. If he brought his employer into it - to give him the added credibility of the Allstate name, he deserved to be fired. If he didn't do this, then he should sue the people who published the columns. Actually - I wonder if this gives Allstate some standing to go after those who published the columns that used their corporate name in a way that sullied their brand?
Eva Young | Email | Homepage | 06.26.05 - 9:57 pm | #

Gravatar Yup - here's from the Column as published in Men's News Daily:

J. Matt Barber is a non-practicing attorney, an undefeated heavyweight professional boxer (Matt "Bam Bam" Barber), and a professional jazz drummer in the Chicago Land (IL) area. In addition to his Law Degree, Barber holds a Master of Arts in Public Policy. Matt Works for Allstate Insurance Company as a Territorial Senior Manager in Allstate's Law and Regulation Corporate Security (Internal Fraud Investigations) Department.

EY: How did they get that bio? Why is he using Allstate's name in his bio?

Here's the link to the Men's News Daily Column.

Marty said...

Subject matter aside, it's a shame that an amateur author can't even mention the name of the company he works for, in a simple bio. Do you get the feeling that he was PROUD to work for Allstate? I do.

Heck, i'm proud of the behemoth i work for, and proud of the job that i do for them, and the people i work with. I won't dare tell you who they are though... seems a pity actually. Sometimes i wonder if i should be afraid of the diversity department myself...

jon old friend, if i ever need a lawyer... can i buy you that beer? ;)

Jonathan said...

Marty I actually agree with you somewhat.

As long as this isn't interfering with his job, what he writes on his own time should be his own business, as a matter of fairness.

But as a libertarian, I still support the doctrine of employment-at-will. If I were his boss, I wouldn't fire him if it didn't affect his work. But they still have the right to. I'm not sure if this is "religious discrimination."

If you ever get persecuted by the government because you are a "homophobe" (I say that tongue in cheek), I'll be first to defend you.

But if a private business fires you -- like I said, I believe in employment-at-will. Unless they breached an employment contract....

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There. It would now be illegal to discriminate against gay people in any way.

Marty said...

Jon, we agree that there are higher principles at stake here, than SSM. He should not have been fired for what he did, but Allstate has every right to fire him for what he does.

I've got 4 policies with allstate myself. I'll be paying them for this month, anyway...


Anon, you are 100% correct. Too bad you don't have a historical religious leg to stand on... if you did this would be open and shut. But even atheists are leery of people who invent a God out of thin air...

CPT_Doom said...

Subject matter aside, it's a shame that an amateur author can't even mention the name of the company he works for, in a simple bio. Do you get the feeling that he was PROUD to work for Allstate? I do.

Yes, but Allstate may restrict the use of their name by employees in ANY outside work. I know that my not-for-profit would not have been happy if my letter to the editor complaining about clear homophobia by a sports writer, published in 2002 in the Washington Post, included the line "so-and-so is a Director for _____ company" - when such information is included, it can be perceived that the individual is writing on behalf of the company.

I also wonder about whether this implies Allstate is not committed to diversity. If a gay Allstate employee, for instance, wrote an article describing how the "evangelical lifestyle" is associated with higher STD rates, higher divorce rates, higher abortion rates, etc. (which is sort-of true if one looks at the percentage of evangelicals in a state and that state's rates of these social problems) and then went on to call all evangelicals heretics who are debasing God's word (something I was taught in Catholic school) - and then used all this information to argue against evangelical's civil rights (stating that evangelicals are "destructive" to society, as he claims gays are), would they take the same action?

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Wow, I can't wait for Judgement Day!

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Uh, he used Allstate's computers and email to further his personal agenda. Perfectly legal grounds for firing an employee. It's great he had an opinion however wrong it was. But it was plain stupid to mention his employer in his bio and to use his employer's systems. Really, it was very, very stupid. Sort of makes you wonder how smart his opinion was in the first place.

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